The Lifesaving Gift of Blood Donation

24 Aug 2023

Blood donation is a powerful and lifesaving gift that has the potential to make a tremendous impact on the lives of others. It serves as a vital resource for medical treatments and emergencies, helping to save countless lives every day. In this blog post, we will delve into the importance of blood donation, explore statistics in Bulgaria, understand who can and cannot donate, and discuss the different components of blood. We will also provide a step-by-step guide of the process, highlight the impact of blood donation, debunk common myths and obstacles, and uncover the health benefits associated with this selfless act.

Approximately 118.4 million blood donations are made globally annually, with around 79% being voluntary contributions. However, it’s important to note that blood donation rates vary widely by country and region. Western Europe and North America tend to have higher donation rates compared to other parts of the world. Maintaining a steady and safe blood supply remains a challenge, as it requires coordinated recruitment, collection, testing, processing, storage, and distribution efforts. Healthcare systems worldwide must address these difficulties to ensure a reliable blood supply for medical treatments and emergencies.

Who Can and Can Not Donate Blood

Blood donation eligibility criteria play a vital role in ensuring the safety of both donors and recipients. Individuals who wish to donate blood must meet certain requirements, including age, weight, and overall health. Generally, individuals between the ages of 18 and 65, with a minimum weight of 50 kilograms and without any underlying health conditions, are eligible to donate blood. However, certain conditions, such as a history of certain diseases or medications, may prevent people from donating blood. It is crucial to consult with medical professionals or blood donation centres to determine eligibility. Men can donate up to five times per year; women are allowed to do so only four times.

Understanding Blood, Plasma, Serum, and Platelets

Blood is a complex fluid that consists of various components, each serving a unique purpose in medical treatments. Plasma, the liquid part of blood, contains proteins, hormones, and antibodies. Serum refers to plasma without clotting factors. Platelets are tiny cells responsible for clotting, preventing excessive bleeding. Understanding these components and their functions is crucial in comprehending the impact of blood donation.

A Brief Guide to Giving Blood

The blood donation process typically involves several steps to ensure the safety and well-being of both the donor and the recipient. The journey begins with a screening process to determine eligibility. Donors are required to complete a medical history questionnaire and undergo a physical examination where the haemoglobin levels are defined (a min of 125g/l for women and 135g/l for men). Once deemed eligible, the actual donation process begins. A sterile needle is inserted into a vein, and blood is collected into a specialised bag. The process is generally quick and relatively painless, lasting around 10-15 minutes or up to 40. Afterwards, donors are provided with a refreshment package containing dense calorie drinks and eats and asked to rest briefly before leaving. According to the law, all blood donors in Bulgaria can take two additional days off for each act of donation.

The Impact of Blood Donation

The impact of blood donation cannot be overstated. For the recipient, it can mean the difference between life and death. Patients with various medical conditions, including those undergoing surgeries, experiencing trauma, or battling cancer, often require blood transfusions to survive. Blood donations also play a crucial role in supporting the healthcare system and ensuring a stable blood supply for the nation. Hospitals and medical facilities rely heavily on regular blood donations to meet the ever-present demand.

Overcoming Myths and Obstacles to Blood Donation

Despite the importance of blood donation, several myths and misconceptions deter potential donors. Common myths include concerns about pain, health risks, and the belief that certain lifestyles or medical conditions disqualify people from donating blood. Addressing these misconceptions and providing accurate information is essential to alleviate fears and doubts. Blood donation centres and organisations play a crucial role in educating the public and dispelling these myths, highlighting the significance of this lifesaving act. Inform yourself about the topic via the National Centre for Transfusion Haematology.

Health Benefits of Blood Donation

In addition to the positive impact on the lives of others, blood donation also offers health benefits to the donors themselves. Regular blood donation has been associated with potential cardiovascular benefits, as it helps to maintain healthy iron levels in the body. Iron overload can lead to various health complications, and donating blood can help regulate it. Additionally, blood donation allows individuals to undergo routine health check-ups, including blood pressure and haemoglobin level measurements. It also stimulates the renewal process of your blood cells and increases your body’s defenses.

In the Medrec:M app, you can track all the health indicators mentioned before and after donating blood. In addition, quick online connection with a doctor has never been easier - thanks to Medrec:M, sharing medical information is a click away, and remote examinations are done from the comfort of your home. Download the app for free from here.


Blood donation is an invaluable and lifesaving gift that has the power to save lives and support the healthcare system. As in many other countries, blood and blood products are constantly needed in Bulgaria. By understanding who can donate, the process involved, and the impact of blood donation, individuals can make a significant difference in the lives of others. It is essential to dispel myths and misconceptions, encourage regular blood donation, and promote awareness of the health benefits associated with this selfless act. Every blood donation counts, and by becoming a donor, you can be a true hero, offering the gift of life to those in need.